RIBBENTROP, JOACHIM VON° (1893–1946), German Nazi leader and foreign minister (from 1938). First introduced to Hitler in 1932, Ribbentrop soon became a foreign policy advisor and was appointed ambassador to England in 1936. He returned in February 1938 to become foreign minister. He reached the height of his career by negotiating the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact with his Soviet counterpart that divided Poland, with Germany invading from the west and the Soviet Union from the east, into three zones, territory annexed by Germany, territory occupied by Germany, and territory occupied by the Soviet Union. Given his previous service, Ribbentrop initially favored a pro-British foreign policy and later sought to maintain the Soviet-German alliance until the invasion. Vain and incompetent, Ribbentrop was useful even if not a fanatical antisemite. His power diminished as Germany took less interest in foreign policy and resorted to war. In late 1942 he perceived the depth of Hitler's commitment to the Final Solution and became devoted to its execution. He pressed this policy, most especially for Hungary. For this the ministry had a special section in Germany (later Deutschland III) dealing with Jewish questions in German satellites. At the head of the department stood franz rademacher (until 1943) and afterward Eberhard von Thadden. Ribbentrop's visits and those of his subordinates to satellite states were partly aimed at implementing the extermination policy in those countries. He was hanged as a major war criminal after his condemnation by the International Military Tribunal. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. Schwarz, This Man Ribbentrop (1943); IMT, Trial of the Major War Criminals, 24 (1949), index; G.M. Gilbert, Nuremberg Diary (1948); P. Seabury, Wilhelmstrasse (1954). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: C.R. Browning, The Final Solution and the German Foreign Office: A Study of the Referat D3 of the Abetilung Deutsch-land 194043 (1978). (Yehuda Reshef / Michael Berenbaum (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ribbentrop, Joachim von — ► (1893 1946) Político alemán. Políglota y cosmopolita, creó un servicio exterior, el Bureau Ribbentrop, para informar a Hitler al margen del Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores. Intervino en la constitución del eje Roma Berlín y en la firma del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ribbentrop,Joachim von — Rib·ben·trop (rĭbʹən trŏp , trôp ), Joachim von. 1893 1946. German diplomat who as minister of foreign affairs (1938 1945) helped negotiate the German Soviet Nonaggression Pact of 1939. He was convicted of war crimes at Nuremberg and hanged. * *… …   Universalium

  • Ribbentrop, Joachim von — born April 30, 1893, Wesel, Ger. died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg German diplomat and foreign minister under the Nazi regime. After serving in World War I, he became a wine merchant. He met Adolf Hitler in 1932 and became his chief adviser on foreign …   Universalium

  • Ribbentrop, Joachim von — 1893–1946    Ribbentrop became HITLER’s Foreign Minister in 1938 because he had impressed the Führer with his veneer of social graces. In fact his arrogant airs made him many enemies within Germany and abroad. CIANO, Italy’s Foreign Minister,… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Ribbentrop, Joachim von —  (1893–1946) German politician …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • RIBBENTROP (J. von) — RIBBENTROP JOACHIM VON (1893 1946) Employé de banque en Angleterre, officier allemand pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, Joachim von Ribbentrop, devient ensuite voyageur de commerce international comme représentant du champagne Pommery. Il fait …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Joachim Von Ribbentrop — Naissance 30 avril 1893 (Wesel, Rhénanie du Nord Westphalie, Allemagne) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joachim von ribbentrop — Naissance 30 avril 1893 (Wesel, Rhénanie du Nord Westphalie, Allemagne) …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Joachim von Ribbentrop — als Angeklagter in Nürnberg Ullrich Friedrich Willy Joachim von Ribbentrop (* 30. April 1893 in Wesel; † 16. Oktober 1946 in Nürnberg) war ein deutscher Politiker (NSDAP). Er war von 1938 bis 1945, während der Zeit der nationalsozialistischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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